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apaarttwo617498
The city of Ctesiphon was located on the east bank of the Tigris River, 20 miles (32 km) south of modern Baghdad in Iraq. It flourished for more than 800 years as the capital of the Parthians and the Sasanians, the last two dynasties to rule the ancient Near East before the Islamic conquest in the seventh century. Systematic excavations in the Ctesiphon area were undertaken by an expedition in 1928-29 sponsored by the German Oriental Society (Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft). The Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Staatliche Museen, Berlin, undertook a joint expedition for one season in 1931-32. Several excavations were conducted, including at the main palace (Taq-i Kisra), in a small fortified area south of the palace at Tell Dheheb, at multiple houses at the mounds of Ma'aridh, and at additional houses at a small mound called Umm ez-Za'tir. Over the course of the excavations in the Ctesiphon area, six houses from a series of small mounds called el Ma'aridh were excavated. These houses follow typical Sasanian design with a mix of square and elongated rooms. The house called Ma'aridh I is notable for its columned porch, which may have been decorated. Stucco reliefs were used to adorn the reception hall uncovered in the northwest part of the excavations and another room was decorated with figural scenes painted in vibrant colors. The excavated Sasanian houses have revealed that usually only one large hall or reception area was decorated, with the rest of the house coated with plain plaster. According to the excavators, the various walls and rooms of Ma'aridh I were expanded and altered throughout the Sasanian period. The house's large size (800 square meters were excavated) and the rich finds, such as carnelian and beads, indicate the wealth of the Sasanian elites who resided here. Museum: Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA. Album / Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY Pendant fragment. Culture: Sasanian. Dimensions: 0.84 x 1 in. (2.13 x 2.54 cm). Date: ca. 3rd-7th century A.D.. This small broken fragment of carnelian was probably originally a pendant. The portion of the pendant with the hole is no longer preserved. This fragment was excavated from a house at Ma'aridh I in the Ctesiphon area. The presence of semi-precious stones like carnelian indicate the wealth of the household. The city of Ctesiphon was located on the east bank of the Tigris River, 20 miles (32 km) south of modern Baghdad in Iraq. It flourished for more than 800 years as the capital of the Parthians and the Sasanians, the last two dynasties to rule the ancient Near East before the Islamic conquest in the seventh century. Systematic excavations in the Ctesiphon area were undertaken by an expedition in 1928-29 sponsored by the German Oriental Society (Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft). The Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Staatliche Museen, Berlin, undertook a joint expedition for one season in 1931-32. Several excavations were conducted, including at the main palace (Taq-i Kisra), in a small fortified area south of the palace at Tell Dheheb, at multiple houses at the mounds of Ma'aridh, and at additional houses at a small mound called Umm ez-Za'tir. Over the course of the excavations in the Ctesiphon area, six houses from a series of small mounds called el Ma'aridh were excavated. These houses follow typical Sasanian design with a mix of square and elongated rooms. The house called Ma'aridh I is notable for its columned porch, which may have been decorated. Stucco reliefs were used to adorn the reception hall uncovered in the northwest part of the excavations and another room was decorated with figural scenes painted in vibrant colors. The excavated Sasanian houses have revealed that usually only one large hall or reception area was decorated, with the rest of the house coated with plain plaster. According to the excavators, the various walls and rooms of Ma'aridh I were expanded and altered throughout the Sasanian period. The house's large size (800 square meters were excavated) and the rich finds, such as carnelian and beads, indicate the wealth of the Sasanian elites who resided here. Museum: Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.Pendant fragment. Culture: Sasanian. Dimensions: 0.84 x 1 in. (2.13 x 2.54 cm). Date: ca. 3rd-7th century A.D.. This small broken fragment of carnelian was probably originally a pendant. The portion of the pendant with the hole is no longer preserved. This fragment was excavated from a house at Ma'aridh I in the Ctesiphon area. The presence of semi-precious stones like carnelian indicate the wealth of the household. The city of Ctesiphon was located on the east bank of the Tigris River, 20 miles (32 km) south of modern Baghdad in Iraq. It flourished for more than 800 years as the capital of the Parthians and the Sasanians, the last two dynasties to rule the ancient Near East before the Islamic conquest in the seventh century. Systematic excavations in the Ctesiphon area were undertaken by an expedition in 1928-29 sponsored by the German Oriental Society (Deutsche Orient-Gesellschaft). The Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Staatliche Museen, Berlin, undertook a joint expedition for one season in 1931-32. Several excavations were conducted, including at the main palace (Taq-i Kisra), in a small fortified area south of the palace at Tell Dheheb, at multiple houses at the mounds of Ma'aridh, and at additional houses at a small mound called Umm ez-Za'tir. Over the course of the excavations in the Ctesiphon area, six houses from a series of small mounds called el Ma'aridh were excavated. These houses follow typical Sasanian design with a mix of square and elongated rooms. The house called Ma'aridh I is notable for its columned porch, which may have been decorated. Stucco reliefs were used to adorn the reception hall uncovered in the northwest part of the excavations and another room was decorated with figural scenes painted in vibrant colors. The excavated Sasanian houses have revealed that usually only one large hall or reception area was decorated, with the rest of the house coated with plain plaster. According to the excavators, the various walls and rooms of Ma'aridh I were expanded and altered throughout the Sasanian period. The house's large size (800 square meters were excavated) and the rich finds, such as carnelian and beads, indicate the wealth of the Sasanian elites who resided here. Museum: Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, USA.
Post Date: Nov 5, 2019 10:44 AM
TAG ID: apaarttwo617498 (RM)
Credit: Album / Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY/Newscom
Format: 3407 x 4200 JPEG
Photographer: Album / Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY
Keywords: , PIEDRA, , PIEDRAS, , ROCA, , ROCK, , STONE, , STONES, , ROCKY, , IRAQ, , CALCEDONIA, , CHALCEDONY, , CTESIPHON, , KTESIPHON, , CTESIPHON, , CARNEOL, , CARNELIAN, , CORNELIAN, , CARNEOLE, , CORNELION, , COLGANTES, , PENDANTS, , FRAGMENTOS, , FRAGMENTS, , STONE-ORNAMENTS, , ASIA, , ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN ART, , SASANIAN, , MESOPOTAMIA, CTESIPHON, , ARETES, , PENDIENTES, , PENDANT, , EARRINGS, , 1ST MILLENNIUM A. D.,
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